What are Bedsores?

A bedsore, also called a pressure injury, pressure ulcer, decubitus ulcer, or pressure sore, develops when continuous pressure to certain areas of the body begin to break the skin down due to decreased mobility. Bedsores are commonly found on bony projections of the body, such as the sacrum, which is a triangular bone at the base of the spine and at the upper, back part of the pelvic cavity. Pressure injuries can also develop underneath casts, splints, or cervical collars. Approximately 60 percent of bedsores develop in the pelvis area. They are a source of pain and discomfort for some Georgia nursing home residents and a major health threat to elderly or disabled people who have a chronic disease or restricted mobility.

The National Pressure Ulcer Advisory defines pressure injuries as “localized damage to the skin and/or underlying soft tissue usually over a bony prominence or related to a medical or other device. The injury can present as intact skin or an open ulcer, may be painful, and occurs as a result of intense and/or prolonged pressure, or pressure in combination with shear.”

Shear: “An action or stress resulting from applied forces which causes or tends to cause two contiguous internal parts of the body to deform in the transverse plane.”

To view bedsore photos - Click Here
*WARNING! Graphic Photos may be disturbing to some*

Causes of Bedsores: Who is at Risk?

Many elements contribute to bedsores, but they usually develop over prolonged periods of immobility or uninterrupted pressure on a certain area of the skin, soft tissue, muscle and bone. The following circumstances make people more at risk for developing bedsores:

  • Being bedridden
  • Being confined to a wheelchair
  • Stroke victims
  • Dementia
  • Diabetes
  • Malnourishment
  • Sedation
  • Obesity
  • Moisture or incontinence (more study on this is needed)
  • Spinal cord injuries resulting in Paraplegia
  • Poorly fit prosthetic devices
  • Chronic understaffing


Stages of Bedsores

There are five main stages of pressure injuries: Stages 1-4 and Unstageable. Treatment of a bedsore varies depending on what stage the sore is scaled. It’s a long-term care facility’s responsibility to identify a pressure sore, scale it properly, and provide adequate medical care and treatment to keep it from worsening. When a pressure injury develops beyond stage 4, it is considered unstageable and is dangerous to a person’s health because it’s susceptible to infection. An unstageable bed sore may lead to death.

Click here for more information and to see graphics of the different stages of bedsores.

Georgia nursing home abuse and neglect trial attorneys at Blasingame, Burch, Garrard & Ashley have recovered millions for nursing home residents and their families. If you or your loved one has a bedsore and you suspect abuse or neglect from a caregiver, call us today for a free consultation at (706) 354-4000.


  • Blasingame, Burch, Garrard and Ashley, P.C. The people at this firm really do care about you. They fight for you and defend you every step of the way.

    - D. Wise

  • Blasingame, Burch, Garrard and Ashley, P.C. He was professional, knowledgeable, and thorough in communicating and negotiating an I.R.S. settlement...

    - Anonymous

  • Blasingame, Burch, Garrard and Ashley, P.C. Although my lawyers could have paid the insurance company what it was asking just to make it go away, they proved to me that they were going to stand by me – and stand up for me.

    - Karen G.

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    - Marsha L.

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    - Randie L.

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